Namibia has roughly 45,000 km of official roads, plus many hundreds of kilometres of rough 4x4 tracks and sandy riverbeds, which service the most remote regions. Paved roads – designated ‘B’ roads by the Namibian Roads Authority – connect the major cities and extend up to Etosha National Park and the Zambezi Region. ‘C’ roads are occasionally paved, but more often they’re well-maintained gravel and suitable for any type of vehicle. The ‘C’ roads along The Skeleton Coast are smooth, hard-packed salt – a very comfortable ride, but the surface can get slippery when wet. ‘D’ roads are not suitable for low-clearance vehicles, and the tracks and riverbeds are strictly 4x4 only.
The most difficult road conditions are in the north where 4x4 tracks and dry riverbeds are essential conduits through Damaraland, Kaokoland and the Zambezi Region in particular. Here you’ll encounter a mix of deep sand and sharp rocks and, during the summer rains along the Zambezi, plenty of water and mud too.